Nye, David E.  Consuming Power
United States: 1998

ISBN 0262140632
Pages 4 and 179

In their daily rounds, Americans have come to depend on more heat, light, and power than any other people, including those with equal levels of development. The Processes of capitalism and industrialization alone do not explain this rapid development or this national difference. Culture does....

In the decentralized world of automotive distances, most of the life of the street disappeared, including vendors, delivery boys, the casual walk, the accidental encounter, the corner drugstore, the local cafe, the neighborhood store, sidewalk displays, and the sidewalks themselves. For those who chose to remain in the central city, the street was transformed form a social space of encounter into a transportation artery.

 

Sachs, Wolfgang.  Greening the North
New York: 1998.

ISBN 1856495078
Page 118

The specific amount of electricity used is not the only magnitude determining consumption. The facilities involved and user habits can also result in increased energy-efficiency being cancelled out or not fully utilized. More dishwashers, dryers, microwave ovens, or innumerable smaller appliances can easily nullify savings. Nothing is as efficient as appliances which are not purchased. In addition people are inclined to use eco-efficient equipment more thoughtlessly.

Scott, Stephan and Pellman, Kenneth  Living Without Electricity.
Intercourse, PA
Good Books, 1990

Page 4

Early in this century, the large majority of Amish leaders agreed that connecting to power lines would not be in the best interest of their communities. They did not make this decision because they thought electricity was evil in itself, but because easy access to it could lead to many temptations and the deterioration of church and amily life. For similar reasons, the Amish refuse to own cars.

Bowman, Sarah. The Advantages of Driving a Buggy
Personal correspondence. April, 1997


What I would do if I had the option of owning a car or horse and buggy, I can’t tell, but I know what I would do if I had the option of riding to work with a person who owns a car, or driving with my own horse and buggy. I choose my buggy for several reasons.

(1) I love being out in the open, being part of the elements whether rain or shine or severely cold. Some weather is considerably more pleasant than others, but after coming home on a miserably muddy and rainy day I have asked myself whether I wouldn’t prefer riding in a car. The answer is no. The reason is probably a sentimental one. I am reminded of other times when I was out in similar weather and felt the contentment and security of nestling behind an umbrella and getting to my destination in spite of the unfavourable weather. In cold weather there is a sense of victory in being able to “tough it.” And who needs to stop and think about the advantages of riding in the open buggy in pleasant weather? One can see and smell all the countryside sights and smells as the scenes pass in slow motion.

Peter F. Drucker, The Dimensions of Management
New York: 1977
ISBN0061664006

Page 33

No amount of efficiency would have enabled the manufacturer of buggy whips to survive.

Ford is Conceding S.U.V. Drawbacks By KEITH BRADSHER Robin Nelson for The New York Times
May 12, 2000

ATLANTA, May 11 -- The Ford Motor Company, which depends on sport utility vehicles for much of its profit, acknowledged today that they cause serious safety and environmental problems.

In its first "corporate citizenship report," issued at the company's annual shareholders' meeting here, Ford said that the vehicles contributed more than cars to global warming, emitted more smog-causing pollution and endangered other motorists. The automaker said that it would keep building them because they provide needed profit, but would seek technological solutions to the problems and look for alternatives to the big vehicles.

Newsletter of the Conservation Law Foundation, Boston.
Richard Howard, Preventing Pollution Radio’s Road Scholars
Page 5

CLF: What can people do to make their cars as environmentally sound as possible?


Tom: The first and best thing you can do is don’t drive the stupid thing. Most people drive way too much.

Ray: One way to minimize your driving is to have a car that doesn’t run particularly well.

Tom: Yeah, like mine.

Ray: If it’s a joy to drive the car you’ll be out there driving all the time. You want something that’s unpleasant.

Tom: You don’t want something that starts all the time. That’s one of the problems with Japanese cars. You get into a Japanese car and that SOB starts up winter, summer, it doesn’t matter. Let’s get back to American cars, because half the time in the winter they won’t start and that way you can reduce pollution.

Chenn, Donald D. T. “If you Build It, They Will Come.”
STPP Progress March 1998
Page 4 and 7

Studies on induced traffic in the U.S. have been conducted since the 1940s, and it is now widely acknowledged that building more roads does not relieve congestion. If they had considered such evidence they would have found stories such as the West Side Highway in New York City. In 1973, one section of the highway collapsed, resulting in the closure of most of the route. In 1976 NYDOT did a study of the remaining portion of highway.