Lindsay, R.B. The Role of Science in Civilization. 1963
Page 85

It is this vast increase in the energy supply which has made urban life possible for huge populations and more recently has facilitated its extension to suburbia. At the heart of these urban complexes stand the electrical power station, the water pumping and sewage disposal plants, the gas pipeline, and the gasoline and diesel oil stations.

Joseph R. Knisley, “MGM Grand Hotel Meets Energy-Efficiency Lighting Needs
EC & M August 1995


Because of advanced planning, the 2.4 million sq ft MGM Grand Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada presents the most energy-efficient facility that was economically feasible to build and operate. “Our charge from MGM management was to make the hotel property, including the lion symbol, the most energy-efficient in the world, “ explained Robert Ash, president of ABF consulting Engineers, Las Vegas. “The ABF team, including VP Gary Gosz, was responsible for electrical and control segments of the design.

Gorman, Jean. "Grand Stand." Architectural Lighting.
November 1999

Page 30

Suggestive of elements in the set of a Deco-era musical, the gigantic 75-ft.-tall illuminated exterior walls span 1,000 ft., are accompanied by one of the largest video-showing LED TV screens in the world and stand as primary features of the overall design scheme outside. Peppered with the chores graphed colored light of LED screens and framed with four colors of neon concealed along massive pilasters, they create an attention-grabbing, moving spectacle of ever-changing colors and patterns.

Mean Streets Pedestrian Safety And Reform of the Nation’s Transportation Law April 8, 1997

Indeed, people are 1.6 times more likely to get killed by a car while walking than they are to be shot and killed by a stranger with a gun.

Lovins, Amory B. and L. Hunter. “Better Energy Security
Christian Science Monitor June 28, 1982

...in a 50-mile-per-gallon-car, you could continue normal driving for weeks just on the gas in its own tank....

John Polimeni, Kozo Mayumi, Mario Ciampietro, and Blake Alcott,
The Jevons Paradox and the Myth of Resource Efficiency Improvements
Earthscan, 2008 London
ISBN 978-1-84407-462-4

Page 87-89

Doubling the efficiency of food production per hectare over the last 50 years (the Green Revolution) did not solve the problem of hunger. Unfortunately, this doubling of efficiency actually made the food shortage problem worse, since it increased the number of people requiring food, the fraction of animal products in the diet and the absolute number of the malnourished (Giampietro, 1994). In the same way, doubling the number of roads did not solve the problem of traffic, but rather made the traffic condition worse since it encouraged more use of personal vehicles (Newman, 1991). As more energy- efficient automobiles were developed as a consequence of rising oil prices, American dar owners increased their leisure driving (Cherfas, 1991).

America’s dependence on foreign oil growing Consumers have spurned energy-efficient cars in favor of gas-guzzling.
By Bob Fernandez Philadelphia Inquirer Sunday, 08-Sep-96

In 1994, Americans drove 2.4 trillion miles, up from 2.1 trillion miles in 1990 and 1.8 trillion miles in 1985. Experts say that figure is growing at 3 percent a year, faster than overall population growth. The lifting of the federal 55-m.p.h speed limit will lead to higher fuel consumption, too. Wind resistance on a car increases with speed, ramatically lowering fuel efficiency, experts say.

Kunstler, James Howard. Home from Nowhere
New York, 1996
Simon & Schuster
ISBN 0684811960

Pages 67, 69 and 75

No other country depends as heavily on cars as the United States. The average American drives twice as much as the average driver in Europe and Japan. Americans use cars for 82 percent of their trips compared to 48 percent for Germans, 47 for the French, and 45 percent for the British. In 1990, there were a record 190 million motor vehicles registered in the United States, which amounted to 23 million more cars than licensed drivers. More than 60,000 square miles of U.S. land is paved over, amounting to 2 percent of the total surface area, and possibly 10 percent of arable land....

The Federal Highway Administration expects freeway congestion to quadruple over the next twenty years and to double on ordinary roads.

W. Stanley Jevons. The Coal Question
third edition Augustus M. Kelley
New York 1965.

(First edition, 1865; second edition, 1866; third edition, 1906)
Chapter VII, Of the Economy of Fuel
Page 137

But the economy of coal in manufactures is a different matter. It is wholey a confusion of ideas to suppose that the economical use of fuel is equivalent to a diminished consumption. The very contrary is the truth.

As a rule, new modes of economy will lead to an increase of consumption according to a principle recognised in many parallel instances. “The economy of fuel is the secret of the economy of the steam engine; it is the fountain of its power, and the adopted measure of its effects.

Descker, Douglas A., and Alan Berolzheimer. Policy Evolution: Energy conservation to Energy Efficiency
Georgia: 1997

ISBN 0881732745
Page xi

As the forum expanded, as the political climate in Washington fluctuated, and as concern about federal agency budgets intensified, the ethic of conservation at the root of the original campaign gave way to a more diversified conceptualization of energy efficiency.

Many conference participants expressed the conviction that “conservation” implied not using, doing without, and diminished expectations. While there was a strong consensus about the enormous value of conserving resources and using them judiciously, the sentiment prevailed that the fundamental goal should be the wise use of energy.

Bailey, Ronald. Earth Report 2000
New York: McGraw Hill, 2000

Page 116-17

  • The 25-year government campaign to promote renewable energy has cost consumers between $30 and $40 billion, but it resulted in only a 1.5 percent market share for favored fuels. Government subsidies and preferences have failed to make uncompetitive technologies competitive and are not likely to do so in the future.

  • Energy markets are not infected by market failures that are serious enough to warrant government intervention. Energy markets are forward looking; are not prone to frequent, wild swings in price; and are not realistically vulnerable to embargo.

Bell, Daniel. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. A Venture in Social Forecasting
New York: 1973

ISBN 465012817
Page 75

Industrial societies are economizing societies, that is, they are organized around a principle of functional efficiency whose desideratum is to get “more for less” and to choose the more “rational” course of action. Thus a decision to use natural gas rather than coal as an energy fuel will be dictated by comparative costs, and the decision of how to schedule work will depend upon an appropriate combination of materials and skills available. Ideology, to this extent, becomes irrelevant and is replaced by “economics” in the guise of production functions, capital output ratios, marginal efficiency of capital, linear programming and the like.

 

David Lewis Feldman, The Energy Crisis
Virginia, 1996

ISBN 0801853613
Page 177

Achieving what has come to be called sustainable development requires meeting the growing energy demands of developing countries. Energy efficiency is often appealed to as a means of addressing energy pollution problems. Efficiency is certainly important for many reasons. However, because developing countries are growing, energy efficiency alone will not solve environmental problems.

Cottrell, William Frederick,  Energy and Society
New York, 1955
ISBN 0837136792

Page 8

Usually the engineer simply assumes the social objective of the system in which he is working and measures in terms of it without further concern. If he is designing a light bulb he seeks to minimize heat; in a heating element he reduces to the lowest possible point the proportion of light rays being generated. But without a knowledge of the forms of energy being sought he has no means of determining efficiency.

Hitoshi Shirai,  “Can’t Beat The Real Thing”
Lighting Design and Application magazine
September 1995


The Coca-Cola trademark logo was reproduced in steel and 14 mm white neon tubes surface mounted with 38 1.8 A outdoor neon transformers. Behind the contour bottle are 2223 U-shaped neon tubes on 1223 0.47 A electronic transformers, which backlight the sea of surrounding cans creating a dynamic display. These newly developed electronic transformers made the sign energy efficient. The sign consumes 65 kW/hr—approximately 33 percent less electricity than conventional signs of the same size.

Barbarba Ward, The Rich Nations And The Poor Nations
New York, 1962
ISBN 6211387

Page 95

What is not always so obvious is that technology in all its forms is expensive. The cost of a fully developed technology is formidable. Let us take one example—the building of a large power station to open up a new region to electrification. The preliminaries—leveling the site, constructing roads to it, putting in possibly a branch line to bring in fuel, assembling materials, machines, and generators—are all expensive.

Emily Matthews et al. The Weight of Nations: Material Outflows from Industrial Economies.
Washington, DC: The World Resources Institute, 2000. ISBN 1569734399
Page 35

Efficiency gains brought by technology and new management practices have been offset by [increases in] the scale of economic growth.

Harrington Emerson, The Twelve Principles Of Efficiency
The Engineering Magazine Co.
New York, 1919

Page 352

We are like a young man until recently on scant allowance who has suddenly inherited an immense fortune. In the United States the uncarnate energy used is thirty times as great as was the incarnate energy sixty years ago; it is as if each head of a family had inherited thirty slaves forced for him without pay beyond the obligation to maintain. It is increasingly less the hard muscular labor of the hands and body that counts, it is more and more the intelligence
to direct mechanical slaves that counts. The man who smashes a machine because he fears it will take his job, the man who refuses the promotion due him for efficient control, misses the richest gift that any generation has ever been offered.

Lamech, Ranjit. "When Energy Conservation Doesn't Work."
Viewpoint, The World Bank,
FPD Note Number 3. April 1994

Pages 3 and 4

Energy conservation services get bundled with electricity supply services. Yet the characteristics of these two markets are very distinct. While there are natural monopoly characteristics in electricity supply services, energy conservation services can be delivered competitively. In other sectors, such as telephone services, anti-trust authorities have prevented the cross-subsidization of a competitive sector (such as long distance services) by the "natural" monopoly sector (local exchange services). When conservation services and electricity supply are provided by the same utility, there is clear potential for cross-subsidization. This can act as a barrier to competitive entry both for alternative low cost suppliers of electricity and for efficient providers of energy conservation services.

Gamba, Julio R. Industrial Energy Rationalization in Developing Countries
D.C.: 1986

ISBN 080183337X
Pages 7 and 8

Although opportunities for energy conservation abound, the response of energy users cannot be taken for granted. Even in a free-market economy, where energy prices tend to adjust to long-term opportunity costs, industrial and other consumers are often slow to invest in energy conservation measures, despite the potential economic and financial benefits. The response is even slower in developing countries.

Five factors account for this lag:

(1) the slow response, perhaps because of inertia, to changes in input prices, particularly when existing facilities have operated well in the past and when energy represents a relatively low portion of operation costs;