Ayers, R.U., Ayres, L.W., and Warr, B. 2004. Is the U.S. Economy Dematerializing?
Main Indicators and Drivers
pp. 57-93 in Bergh, CJM van den, and Janssen, M.S. 2004.
Economics of Industrial Ecology: Materials, Structural Change, and Spatial Scales.
MIT Press: Cambridge, MA

“According to a recent study of 100 years of material use in the U.S. increased demand overcompensated for efficiency gains in every case we have investigated.”