Briskin, Alan, The Stirring Of Soul In The Workplace
Jossey-Bass Publishers
San Francisco 1996

ISBN 0787902810
Page 100

The implications of the standardization of time dawned slowly on the American people. Two years after the railroads thus imposed standard time zones on the nation, time clocks appeared in American factories. Timeliness took on a new meaning, a precision not formerly associated with work. The boss not only owned your time, but now he measured it in precise units and equated it with profit. A Midwestern newspaper acknowledged this trend by noting: The sun is no longer boss of the job. People --- must eat, sleep, and work as well as travel by railroad time” (Rosenzweig, Brier, and Brown, 1993, p. 74). Reason demanded that workers subordinate their own experience of natural rhythms to the logic of efficiency.