Bell, Daniel. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. A Venture in Social Forecasting
New York: 1973

ISBN 465012817
Pages 474-5

Since “free time” becomes more and more precious, the consumer will tend to buy those items that require relatively little of his non-work time and relatively more of his income from work. He will buy items that he can use and then throw away.

He will “contract out” various services or maintenances (as he now sends clothes to the dry cleaners). And to do this he may have to work longer in order to acquire the kinds of goods and services that give him a big yield on his non-work time. But the cost may be too high and he has to begin to reckon his trade-offs

Carlson, Richard., and Joseph Bailey. Slowing Down to the Speed of Life: How to Create a More Peaceful, Simpler Life from the Inside Out
New York: 1997
ISBN 0062514539

Page xxi

Instead of accomplishing the same goals more quickly, we set higher goals, constantly pushing ourselves to do more and do it faster, thus getting further and further behind. Where is all the time that we saved? When do we get it back? When do we get to enjoy life? Isn’t that allegedly why we are doing all these things?

Briskin, Alan, The Stirring Of Soul In The Workplace
Jossey-Bass Publishers
San Francisco 1996

ISBN 0787902810
Page 100

The implications of the standardization of time dawned slowly on the American people. Two years after the railroads thus imposed standard time zones on the nation, time clocks appeared in American factories. Timeliness took on a new meaning, a precision not formerly associated with work. The boss not only owned your time, but now he measured it in precise units and equated it with profit. A Midwestern newspaper acknowledged this trend by noting: The sun is no longer boss of the job. People --- must eat, sleep, and work as well as travel by railroad time” (Rosenzweig, Brier, and Brown, 1993, p. 74). Reason demanded that workers subordinate their own experience of natural rhythms to the logic of efficiency.

Bill McKibben, The Age of Missing Information
Random House, Inc.
New York: 1992

SBN 0394576012
Page 144

Blessed with light bulbs and dams, haven’t we simply figured out a new, somewhat more efficient way to order our lives? We don’t farm anymore, so why should we care much about the seasons or the length of the day?

Because, I think, living in linear time means living with a different, and in many ways poorer, set of assumptions than living in cyclical time.

On the mountain, feeling fall about to follow summer, I have a strong sense of what fall will be like—fall, not fall of 1991.

John D. Barrow, Cosmology -- The Origin Of The Universe
New York: 1994

ISBN 0465053548
Page 94

This democratic treatment of observers in Einstein’s general theory of relativity means that there is no preferred way of telling time in the universe. Nobody ever measures some absolute phenomenon called “time”; what one measures is the rate of some physical change in the universe. It could be the fall of sand in an egg-timer, the movement of the hands on a clock face, or the dripping of a tap. There are countless changing phenomena that could be used to define the passage of time. For instance, on a cosmic scale, observers around the universe could use the falling temperature of the background radiation to tell time. No one particular measure of change seems to be more fundamental than any other.

Erich Fromm, The Art of Loving
Continuum Pub Group

ISBN: 0826412602
Page 109

The machine which can produce the same quantity in half the time is twice as good as the older and slower one. Of course, there are important economic reasons for this. But, as in so many other aspects, human values have become determined by economic values. What is good for machines must be good for man -- so goes the logic. Modern man thinks he loses something—time—when he does not do things quickly; yet he does not kno
w what to do with the time he gains—except kill it.

Wim Zweers and Jan J. Boersema, Ecology, Technology and Culture : Essays in Environmental Philosophy Great Britain
Paul & Co Pub Consortium, 1994
ISBN: 1874267111

Page 199

Under modern conditions, not destruction but conservation spells ruin, because the very durability of conserved objects is the greatest impediment to the turnover process [of the economy], whose constant gain in speed is the only constancy left wherever it has taken hold.

Percival White The Atlantic Monthly
The July Almanac, 1995

Page 14
“Seventy five years ago, writing in the July, 1920, issue of The Atlantic Monthly

Efficiency is fondly regarded in the American mind as the greatest contribution of this age to civilization. It is deemed an agency for good, a thing one cannot have too much of.... Efficiency is a lightning calculator, by which you may convert time into anything you like, and read the answer in percentages, to the third decimal place. By its means, for example, you may change minutes into dollars, which is, after all, the thing most of us are trying to do....

Yet there is danger in these glib conversions. Money is a tangible thing. The more you save, the more you have. But time is far more subtle stuff. Saving it does not imply having it. As soon as a man seriously starts saving time, make up your mind that he will no longer have a moment to spare.


Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
New York: 1932
Page 90

Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!

Aesop’s Fables, The Hare And The Tortoise

The Tortoise moved with a slow but steady pace; the Hare, trusting his own swiftness, cared little about the race and, lying down by the road fell fast asleep. The Tortoise plodded on, but the Hare overslept and awoke to find the Tortoise crossing the finish line. Slow and steady wins the race.

From William Blake

To see a World in a Grain of Sand

And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour.

Ashleigh Brilliant

Maybe I’m lucky to be going so slowly because I may be going in the wrong direction.

Evelyn Waugh

Most of the world’s troubles seem to come from people who are too busy. If only politicians and scientists were lazier, how much happier we would all be.

Feldman, Lee. “Silent Movies.
Musician February 1998

Page 98

Sometimes I walk slowly down crowded streets and avenues. I mean really slowly; people pass by like I’m a ghost. After a few minutes, I feel like I’m living out of time. The movie playing in my head—how I’m going to be so famous that everyone who dislikes me will be permanently embarrassed (for example) -- begins to fade. I start to feel good. I’m now walking slowly enough so that I can see minute variations in the mortar between bricks. After twenty feet (twenty seconds) or so, I might look straight ahead. An abandoned plastic bag is spinning in an interesting pattern, like a human trying to fly.

I cross the street and an old lady not much higher than her walker passes me on the left. The determination it takes just to live a life becomes clear for a moment.

Martha Vanceburg and Sylvia Silverman, Devotional Calendars, Family Feelings
New York: 1989
ISBN 05533470505

Page 23, January 23

Efficiency eases work, but it can curtail or eliminate other values in life. Unquestionably, airplanes are faster than bicycles; but travel by bicycle allows you to smell wildflowers along the roadside; to feel the movement of air, the sun, and the rain; to speak with people along the way; to stop for refreshment.

A small child going for a walk is interested in everything: dead leaves, old cigarette butts, cellophane wrappers.

By O.L. Crain – 1957

Slow me down, Lord!

Ease the Pounding of my heart
By the quieting of my mind.
Steady my hurried pace
With a vision of the eternal reach of time.
Give me,
Amidst the confusion of my day,
The calmness of the everlasting hills.
Break the tensions of my nerves
With the soothing music of singing streams

Edwards, Owen. “Remembrance of Things Fast.
Forbes ASAP December 2, 1996
Page 116

Some years ago, I managed to spend a few hours a week rowing a single shell. Then, enabled by the tools of the information age to cram more productivity into fewer hours, I increased my working hours (to make more money) and decided that a rowing machine would let me burn calories without the inconvenience of straying too far from my computer.

The result was efficient but, in the end, a bland simulation. Then, responding to a sense that all was not entirely well, I joined a rowing club with a boat house on a lake not far from my house. Now I am on the water most mornings around seven, using a technology that has changed little since Thomas Eakins was painting scullers on the Schuylkill River a century ago.

Easwaran, Eknath.  Take Your Time: Finding Balance in a Hurried World.
New York: 1994. ISBN 0786862211
Page 23

A slower life is not an ineffective life; it is not an unartistic life; it is not a boring life. Just the opposite. It is much more effective, more artistic, much richer than a life lived as a race against the clock. It gives you time to pause, to think, to reflect, to decide, to weigh pros and cons. It gives you time for relationships.

Petrini, Carlo. Issue no. 1, April-June 1996 The International Herald of Tastes

Granted, we all know that speed has been the obsession of the modern world for the past hundred years, that it dominates every aspect of social organization and consequently also regulates our meals. Moreover, speed now multiplies our leisure time and empty hours as well, extending that part of the week devoted to relaxation, recreation and pleasure. It is a contradiction that still requires a solution. If only we could look around like snails, warily coming out of our shells, saving energy and drawing more from our contact with the earth and its fruits. Surely this would be a new way of life...

Robinson, John P., and Geoffrey Godbey. Time For Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time.
U.S.A: 1997
ISBN 0271016523

“Efficiency” has never been a friend of leisure, since “leisure” historically has meant behavior undertaken without reference to time. In the ancient Greek notion of leisure, contemplation was an ideal. Later, “leisure” was thought of as “pastimes,” but one cannot “pass” the time if efficiency is the primary goal. One can only “spend,” “invest,” and “save” it, or one will surely “lose” it.